Aeschines: Against Timarchus [ BCE]. Aeschine’s speech Against Timarchus of BCE is one of the most valuable sources we have about Athenian. Access. Via Perseus Philologic. Aeschines. Against Timarchus. Perseus under Philologic. University of Chicago. 7 October (). In Against Timarchus, Aeschines introduces the argument of sections. 72 to 93 with an unusual exclamation. He claims that his oppo- nents will ask why he is not.

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It had judicial functions but almost no political ones. Misgolas and Phaedrus threatened the foreigners and ordered them to follow straight to the lock-up for having corrupted a free youth.

So let one common coffer hide our bones. Because a law-court speech, one intended to persuade a jury representing a cross-section of Athenians, Aeschines’ Against Timarchus is generally regarded as evidence for classical Athenian attitudes to matters it treats. Timrchus I suppose you timarcus of the opinion that when one knows a thing perfectly of his own knowledge, he does not need argument or testimony in addition.


I will explain to you the reason. For he says that timagchus is more unjust than common report, and he goes to the market-place for his evi- dence, the sort of thing that is quite in harmony with his own life.

In the first place, let nothing be more credible in timrachus eyes than your agaihst knowledge and conviction regarding agxinst man Timarchus. If a man at Athens not only abuses other people, but even his own body, here where there are laws, where you are looking on, where his personal enemies are on the watch, who would expect that same man, when he had received impunity and authority and office, to have placed any limit on his license?

For he is amazed, he says, if you do not all remember that every single year the senate farms timarchhs the tax on prostitutes, and that the men who buy this tax do not guess, but know precisely, timarchjs they are that follow this profession.

Senate of the Areopagus. Not that there is anything wrong with this. First, you recall, they laid down laws to protect the morals of our children, and they expressly pre- scribed what were to be the habits of the free- born boy, and how he was to be brought up ; then agsinst legislated for the lads, and next for the other age-groups in succession, including in their provi- sion, not only private citizens, but also the public men.

As for prostitition itself, while it was OK in classical Athens for non-citizens or slaves to be so employed, it was not Agzinst for a citizen male:.

How does he begin? Aeschines and Demosthenes had served together on the embassy which had been sent to Macedon 1 to receive from Philip and his allies their ratification of the Peace of Philocrates.


Take the example of the Senate of the Areopagus, the most scrupulous tribunal in the city. The part which Ae- schines and Demosthenes each played in this embassy to Macedonia, in the deliberations at Athens with the ambassadors whom Philip sent in his turn, in the negotiations of the second embassy for the ratification of the peace tomarchus Philocrates, which Philip’s ambassadors had negotiated at Athensand in the final report at Athens, is discussed by both orators in great detail and with irreconcilable contradictions in the speeches On the Embassy and On the Crown.

For whereas timarchhus of these criminals as are caught in the act are instantly punished with death, if they acknowledge the crime, those who have done the act secretly and deny their guilt, are tried in the courts, and the truth can be determined by circumstantial evidence only. Personal feeling and prejudice are so constantly evident, and so often lead to ex- aggerated assertion and unfair inference, that he fails to carry conviction.

And I shall not hesitate to speak out and tell you why I say this.

Aeschines, Against Timarchus, section 1

At any rate the law says explicitly: But the losses timarchud war and exile forced the father to take up the little honoured profession of schoolmaster, while the mother, we may perhaps believe, contributed something to the support agzinst the family by service as a priestess in some one of the secret religious cults.

He prescribes what children are to be admitted as, pupils, and their age at admission. What is problematic about conduct or patterns associated with Timarchus? And to this day the foundations of that house stand in your city, and that spot is called “.

The occasion was the procession at the City Dionysia. In the higher forms of agaimst he is less successful. After the adjournment of the assembly, the senate resumed its session.

Sex, Politics, and Disgust in Aeschines’ Against Timarchus

Hide browse gaainst Your current position in the text is marked in blue. You can therefore yourselves bear witness that in the statue that is set up in the Salaminian market-place Solon stands with his arm inside his cloak.

I will name no one of these, lest they make that their excuse for speaking, saying timarcuhs they would not have come forward had not someone mentioned them by name.

The speeches of both prosecutor and defendant are timarchys. But it is not only his patrimony that he has wasted, but also the common possessions of the state, your possessions, so far as they have ever come under his control. But what do you expect? They got word of timarchue and found him at lunch with some wgainst in a lodging-house. For he says that nothing is more unjust than common report, and he goes to the market-place for his evidence, the sort of thing that is quite in harmony with his own life.

But he is on trial on precisely this charge, that after such conduct as this, he breaks the laws by speaking before the assembly. Read first the verses about the vengeance on Hector. And so decorous were those public men of old, Pericles, whose person was inviolate even in time of war, were often sent to carry messages from one state to another. What is Timarchus’ “sexuality” alleged to be — if we can even think or speak in terms of sexuality in relation to this speech?

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But that you may hear the aggainst of the poet in verse also, the clerk shall read to you the verses on this theme which Homer composed.

Law-suits were next begun. Aeschines Reden, Griechisch und Deutsck, iibersetzt und erkldrt, Benseler, Introduction Aeschines and Demosthenes had served together on the embassy which had been sent to Macedon ‘ to receive from Philip and his allies their ratification of the Peace gimarchus Philocrates. He provides for a public official who shall superintend them, and for the oversight of slave-attendants of school-boys.

For in addition to all the rest that is bad in him, this Demosthenes is an ill- mannered and boorish sort of person. Aeschines is smarting under the fact that Demosthenes, who, in the beginning of the negotiations with Philip for peace, had been on good agzinst with himself, has now caused his indict- ment for treason, and will shortly conduct the prosecution in court.

No one manuscript has commanding superiority. And it seems that a man who is not to be permitted to be a candidate for election by lot for the priesthood of any god, as being impure of body as that is defined by the laws, this same man is to write in our decrees prayers to the August Goddesses in behalf of the state. But since you make mention of Achilles and Patroclus, and of Homer and the other poets — as though the jury were men innocent of education, while you are people of a superior sort, who feel yourselves quite beyond common folks in learning — that you may know that we too have before noAv heard and learned a little something, we shall say a word about this also.

He will cite first those benefactors of yours, Harmodius and Aristogeiton, describing their fidelity to one another, and telling how in their case this relationship proved the salvation of the state.

Whereas the laws com- mand that thieves who admit their guilt shall be punished with againwt ; it is those who deny their guilt that are to be put on trial. How it was that the father became so well-to-do I will tell you.