FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield. CHAPTER 1 . Everyone in the US Army conducts some form of IPB. For example: A rifleman in an infantry . United States Army Command and General Staff College .. Current doctrine accepts that goal, as reflected in FM “IPB is an analytical. FIELD MANUAL Headquarters. Department of the Army. Washington, DC , 8 July INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE BATTLEFIELD.
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The enemy COA models developed in step 4 are the products that the staff will use to portray the threat in the 334-130 making and targeting processes.
The doctrinal principles of IPB are sound and can be applied to all situations at all levels. The description of the battlefield’s effects identifies constraints on potential friendly COAs and may reveal implied missions.
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The resulting intelligence synchronization matrix ISMas shown in Figuredepicts the collection strategies which support the command’s COA.
Applying the IPB process helps the commander selectively apply and maximize his combat power at critical points in time and space on the battlefield by Therefore, staffs should ensure they use IPB, wargaming, and intelligence synchronization as dynamic tools rather than as one-time events. For a thorough discussion, see Chapter 2. The products developed during IPB are so critical to this cycle and the staff planning effort that it is a distinct function.
FM discusses intelligence synchronization and the collection management process in 34-30. This evaluation focuses on the general capabilities of each force until COAs are developed in later steps of the IPB process.
Threat evaluation 43-130 provides the detailed information on the threat’s current dispositions, recent activities, equipment, and organizational capabilities the staff needs to complete their own staff estimates and planning.
For a complete discussion of the decision making process, see FM New decisions and COAs lead to updating and refining the collection plan, intelligence synchronization, and new decision support tools.
Characteristics of geography include general characteristics of the terrain and weather, as well as such factors as politics, civilian press, local population, and demographics. IPB is an essential element of the intelligence cycle.
Every commander and staff officer needs to think through the effects the environment has on both threat and friendly operations. You conduct 34-310 prior to and during the command’s initial planning for an operation, but you also continue to perform IPB during the conduct of the operation.
The targeting team further refines the event templates and matrices to include the information required to support targeting. During this step the command’s collection manager develops collection strategies that will satisfy specific information requirements which support the targeting process.
Every soldier thinks through an informal IPB procedure, but commanders and staff officers undertake a more formal process. The decision making process is a dynamic and continuous process. IPB helps the commander identify his intelligence requirements and provides the focus and direction needed to satisfy them.
IPB forms the basis for defining the COAs available to the aemy command and drives the wargaming process that selects and refines them. If BDA is required to support the command’s Armyy, the collection manager plans collection to satisfy that set of requirements as well.
This assessment of the environment always includes an examination of terrain and weather but may also include discussions of the characteristics of geography and infrastructure and their effects on mf and threat operations.
The IPB process identifies any critical gaps in the command’s knowledge of the battlefield environment or threat situation. IPB not only enables a staff to put steel on target but also helps prioritize and maximize the effects of targeting. As the operation unfolds and the enemy’s intentions become more clear, reinitiate the IPB and decision making processes as needed.
Furthermore, every staff officer should prepare detailed IPB products tailored for his own functional area. He also prepares event templates and matrices that focus intelligence collection on identifying which COA the threat will execute. The relationship of the IPB process to each step in the decision making process is discussed below see Figure For a complete discussion of the targeting process, see FM Such decisions can only be made within the context of a given situation.
Intelligence synchronization is more than simply ensuring that collection systems of various sorts are operating 24 hours a day. Armj approved by the commander, the specific intelligence required to fill gaps in the command’s knowledge of the battlefield environment and threat situation becomes the command’s initial intelligence requirements. The decision to use a sketch instead of an overlay to depict the battlefield’s armj or the threat’s available COAs is a matter of TTP.
FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield – Introduction
This requires key members of the staff to “huddle” or conduct “mini-wargaming. The IPB which supports the decision making process must also remain dynamic, constantly integrating new information into the initial set of facts and assumptions. Both of these examples illustrate an informal application of IPB; that is, describe the effects of the battlefield and determine the threat’s COAs. Some of these involve employment of the ISOS assets under his control.
This is primarily a discussion of what is known about the threat facts and the results of analysis of those facts assumptions. As intelligence confirms or denies planning assumptions on the battlefield environment or the threat’s COA, a continuous IPB process identifies new intelligence requirements. IPB is a continuous process which consists of four steps which you perform each time you conduct IPB:. The command’s collection manager uses the results of IPB to develop and implement a collection plan that will satisfy these requirements see IPB and the Collection Management Process.
The bottom line is that every soldier conducts IPB.
A division staffs IPB can produce Finally, the commander leads the IPB effort. Enter Your Email Address. The coordination of this entire cycle is intelligence synchronization. IPB identities the facts and assumptions about the battlefield and the threat that allow effective staff planning. The staff continues to estimate the situation as the operation progresses, adapting the command’s COA to unforeseen changes in the situation. As the battle progresses, IPB is used to continuously evaluate the situation facing the command, driving new iterations of the decision making process and the directing step of the intelligence cycle.