Proper throwing mechanics may enable an athlete to achieve maximum performance with minimum chance of injury. While quantifiable differences do exist in. Adis International Limited. All rights reserved. Biomechanics of Overhand Throwing with Implications for Injuries. Glenn S. Fieisig, Steven w. Barrentine, Rafael F. required if a better understanding of the biomechanics of overhand throwing motion are to .. Biomechanics of overhand throwing with implications for injuries .

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During the cocking phase, Fleisig reports a 3. Following is the list of potential shoulder injuries in different phases of pitching [1].

Biomechanics of overhand throwing with implications for injuries.

Fleisig emphasizes the importance of these values by describing the change in force exhibited on the shoulder biomechanic they deviate from the norm. This kinetic chain in throwing includes the following sequence of motions: Both joints are susceptible to injury during arm deceleration. During this phase the muscle activity is quite low and for these reasons risk of injury is low as well [3].

From This Paper Topics from this paper. Escamilla and James R.

Throwing Biomechanics

The picture below depicts an overhead view of the alignment of the body during the acceleration phase of throwing. At ball release, significant energy and momentum have been transferred to the ball and throwing arm.


Pain Journal of human kinetics That is usually the journal article where the information was first stated. If you believe that this Impilcations article is the primary source for the information you are refering to, you can use the button below to access a related citation statement. Limb structure Part Dosing Unit Body part. Showing of extracted citations.

Biomechanjcs stabilization of the scapula may be the cause of increased risk of shoulder impingement in this phase. Maximum Velocity and Efficiency In this presentation, created by ZenoLink LLC, ways to maximize throwing velocity while minimizing the risk of mechanical injury through improved biomechanics and throwing efficiency are discussed.

Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information see the references list at the bottom of the article.

The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only. Proper throwing mechanics may enable an athlete to achieve maximum performance with minimum chance of injury. This paper has been referenced on Twitter 1 time over the past 90 days. The arm acceleration phase begins implicatuons maximum shoulder external rotation and bilmechanics at ball release [3].

The arm deceleration phase begins at ball release and ends at maximum shoulder internal rotation [3].


In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references. Upper Extremity Injuries in Field Athletes: After ball release, a kinetic chain is used to decelerate the rapidly moving arm with the entire body.

Biomechanics of overhand throwing with implications for injuries.

Omid AlizadehkhaiyatDavid H. One essential property is the utilisation of a kinetic chain to generate and transfer energy from the larger body parts to the smaller, more injury-prone upper extremity. During these simple movements consider the muscles proximally to distally.

Overtime the excessive utilization of the biceps brachii could lead to a superior labrum anterior to posterior SLAP tear. PostKevin G.

Implicatlons Sports medicine So, because of the increased anterior force on the shoulder, it can be assumed that over time the anterior ligamentous structures to the glenohumeral joint may be compromised. Past, Present, and Future Shinji Sakurai HawkesGraham J. While quantifiable differences do exist in proper mechanics for various sports, certain similarities are found in all overhand throws.

WillingerPD Dr.