Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Rhizophoraceae. Genus: Bruguiera . Species: B. cylindrica. Common Names: Bakau Putih. Status: Native, Common. Bakau putih. Bruguiera cylindrica. Family Rhizophoraceae Southeast Asia to Australia. Locally, in various sites. Tree up to 20 m tall with buttresses and kneed . Bruguiera cylindrica is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 23 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller. The bole can be up to 20 – 30cm in .

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Fishermen do not like to use the wood for fish-traps as they say it has a peculiar smell that frightens fishes away. Flowers per leaf angle, sepals light green and sticking out at right angles to the fruit; seed germinates in fruit, their hypocotyl up to 15 cm long, like a green or purplish cigarette and often slighly curved. It is particularly common in the back mangroves.

mangrove flora: bakau putih (bruguiera cylindrica)

Bruguiera cylindrica Linnaeus Blume [1]. Bruguiera malabarica Arnold Rhizophora caryophylloides Burm. It grows in mangrove cylindrcia in south east Asia. Bark produces a peculiar odour which frightens away fish. Related Documents The Bruguiera Rhizophoraceae species in the mangroves of Singapore, especially on the new record and the rediscovery. Grows on stiff clay behind Avicennia at the seaface; can grow on newly formed soils unsuitable bruguiiera other mangroves, leaving better soils to the other species.


Description This is a tree of about 20 m high with short buttresses and kneed pneumatophores.

Sungei Buloh Besar, Jun The seed does not detach itself from the flower stalk but germinates where it is and is known as a propagule. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The fruit germinates on the tree, producing a 15 cm long hypocotyl that is grooved and angled. General Biology The plant grows in the inner mangroves, often forming pure stands. The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity.

Roots showing kneed pneumatophores loops protruding out of the sand Kneed roots of Bruguiera cylindrica Bruguiera parviflora branch left differs in being more delicate and flowers are smaller and more elongated than Bruguiera cylindrica. Bruguiera cylindrica Scientific classification Kingdom: Tree to about 20m, but those seen along our nature trails often almost short shrubs about 1m, to short trees to m.

The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: The timber of Bruguiera cylindrica is dense, reddish and strong and is used in construction. According to Burkill, the propagules are occasionally eaten after boiling, and according to Giersen eaten with sugar and coconut.

Mangrove swamps are habitats with great biodiversity. In the Malay language it is known as bakau putih. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Flowers small 1cmemerging from one short stalk. Read more about the Malpighiales order. Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map. Read more about the Rhizophoraceae family. Sivasothi editors Volume 1: Beside cylindriica generalist insects, each species of mangrove has its own associated leaf feeders and wood borers. When probed at the base, the cylindricq unzips to scatter a cloud of pollen over the head of the visiting insect.


Short buttresses and also knee roots. The wood is used in construction, piles, telegraph poles, railway sleepers, fish stakes, tool handles, scaffolding, etc.

Bruguiera cylindrica

It is used for parts of the hull and, especially, for the keel of canoes in the Maldive Islands. World Register of Marine Species.

Many terrestrial insects visit mangroves including herbivoresparasites and predators. Want to share your sightings?

Tassels on petal tips. Flowers are greenish and grouped in threes. Young radicles may be eaten as a vegetable or preserve after boiling.

Leaves eye-shaped cm long stiff leathery glossy, arranged opposite one another. Calyx cup-shaped pale greenish or white with 8 stout, long lobes. The petals turn brown rapidly.

Bruguiera cylindrica on the NParks Flora and Fauna website: In traditional medicine, the skin of the fruit is used to stop bleeding and the leaves bruvuiera used to lower blood pressure. Although it usually produces abundant propagules and a tree is often festooned with many of them, the tree itself grows slowly.

Unlike some other mangroves, it does not regenerate easily from broken off branches. It is commonly used as fuel and in charcoal production.