CROFER 22 APU PDF

Crofer 22 APU offers a good balance of the properties required for high temperature electrochemistry. This makes Crofer 22 APU a very popular material for. The oxidation kinetics of the Crofer 22 APU steel—uncoated and coated with LSCF48—approximately obeys the parabolic rate law in air at. material used for the experiments was the Crofer 22 APU ferritic stainless steel from ThyssenKrupp VDM GmBH, Germany. The chemical composition of this.

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Crofer 22 APU Interconnect Sheets

The manufacture of Crofer 22 APU requires extreme precision at every stage of the production process.

As well as making the electrical connection they also supply the cells with fuel gas and air via gas passages. Crofer 22 APU, an iron-chromium alloy, for the first time fulfils the previously conflicting requirements of good high-temperature stability, high electrical conductivity and low coefficient of expansion.

The SOFC is a fuel cell variant which works at temperatures up to degrees.

Crofer 22 APU: new material for fuel cells

Company Products Investors Newsroom. Normally, metallic materials achieve their long-term stability at such temperatures by means of high chromium content. In the melting furnace, where several tons of the alloy are produced in one charge, minimum amounts of alloying elements have to be added in precise quantities. Home Newsroom Press releases. This so-called chromium-manganese spinel prevents chromium evaporation and at the same time assures the necessary electrical conductivity of spu interconnector plates.

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Chromium also limits the thermal expansion of the alloy, giving it a similar coefficient of expansion to the surrounding ceramic electrolyte. The aim is to use an SOFC plant corfer a supplement for battery and dynamo.

Crofer 22 APU: new material for fuel cells – thyssenkrupp AG

The interconnector plates are made of Crofer 22 APU. The starting materials for energy conversion can be hydrogen, natural gas or reformed gasoline. Together with the other alloying elements titanium and manganese, the lanthan ensures that a protective coating of chromium manganese oxide forms on the surface of the interconnector plates as soon as the fuel cell becomes active.

However, at crfer of degrees, the chromium is croger and destroys the electrolyte. During subsequent hot rolling it is important that the temperature window is observed precisely.

It can be formed without problems, given ribs or other surface structures and machined using conventional production methods and equipment. The main reason is the high operating temperature of the fuel cells. Critical to this is its 0. Products and solutions, Each cell contains an anode, cathode and ceramic zirconium dioxide as the electrolyte to api the power generation process.

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The most important components of the SOFC stack are the interconnector plates between the cells. Central Press Office for Journalists. In terms 22 fabrication, however, Crofer 22 APU is just as easy to handle as a standard stainless steel.

While the ceramic materials used previously for the interconnector plates do not have the problem of chromium evaporation, they are unsuitable for economic volume production due to the complex production requirements involved for example in milling the passages for the gas supply.