Expert(s). Expert: Notes: Reference for: Other Source(s). Source: American Fisheries Society Special Publication 31, pre-press (version May). Acquired. PDF | A persisting population of an unidentified and probably undescribed cladoceran, morphologically similar to Daphnia similis CLAUS but genetically. The aim of the present paper is to revise the taxonomy of the Daphnia ( Ctenodaphnia) similis group in the Old World with both morphological.

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Daphnia similis Claus, – Overview

Retrieved October 29, The two most readily available species of Daphnia are D. Global Invasive Species Database: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Daphnia may be used in certain environments to test the effects of toxins on an ecosystemwhich makes them an indicator genusparticularly useful because of its short lifespan and reproductive capabilities. Zooplankton of the Great Lakes: In either case, the resting eggs are protected by a hardened coat called the ephippiumand are cast off at the female’s next moult.

Each subgenus has been further divided into a number of species complexes. In species without males, resting eggs are also produced asexually and are diploid. The ephippia can withstand periods of extreme cold, drought or lack of food availability, and hatch — when conditions improve — into females They are close to being classed as extremophiles. Archived at the Wayback Machine. Daphnialike many animals, are prone to alcohol intoxication, and make excellent subjects for studying the effects of the depressant on the nervous system due to the translucent dphnia and the visibly altered heart rate.

Daphnla Daphnia species have a life cycle based on “cyclical parthenogenesis”, alternating between parthenogenetic asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction.

Moinawhich is in the Moinidae family instead of Daphniidae and is much smaller than D. Because they are nearly transparent, their internal organs are easy to study in live specimens e. Species such as Bythotrephes longimanus [14] [15] [16] [17] AKA “spiny water flea” and formerly known as Bythotrephes cederstroemi native to Northern Europe and AsiaCercopagis pengoi AKA “fishhook waterflea” native in the brackish fringes of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and Daphnia lumholtzi [18] [19] [20] [21] native to east Africa, the Asian subcontinent of India, and east Australia have these characteristics and great care should be taken to prevent them from spreading further in North American waters.


The physiology of the Cladocera. Some species are halophilesand can be found in hypersaline lake environments, an example of which is the Makgadikgadi Pan. Daphnia is a large genus — comprising over species — belonging to the cladoceran family Daphniidae.

All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from December Articles with permanently dead external links Webarchive template wayback links Articles using diversity taxobox Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers Articles containing video clips. Some species of daphnia or water fleas that resemble daphnia have developed permanent, non-temporary defenses against fish eating them such as spines and long hooks on the body which also cause them to become entangled on fishing lines and cloud water with their high numbers.

They are tolerant of being observed live under a cover slip and appear to suffer no harm when returned to open water. This may not be the case, however, and the new invaders may mostly be a tangling and clogging nuisance.

The understanding of species boundaries has been hindered by phenotypic plasticity, hybridization, intercontinental introductions and poor taxonomic descriptions. Daphniaa genus of small planktonic crustaceansare daphnnia. In Patrick O’Sullivan; C.

ADW: Daphnia similis: CLASSIFICATION

The trapped food particles are formed into a food bolus which then moves down the digestive tract until voided through the anus located on the ventral surface of the terminal appendage. An individual Daphnia life-span depends on factors such as temperature and the abundance of predatorsbut can be 13—14 months in some cold, oligotrophic fish-free lakes. Oneida Lake Education Initiative. List of Daphnia species.


Because of their thin membrane, which allows drugs to be daphna, they are used to monitor the effects of certain drugs, such as adrenaline or capsaicin, on the heart.

Towards the end of the growing season, however, the mode of reproduction changes, and the females produce tough “resting eggs” or “winter eggs”. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Daphnia is also commonly used for experiments to test climate change aspects, as ultraviolet radiation UVR that seriously damage zooplankton species e.

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Australodaphnia Colbourne et al. Limnology and Limnetic Ecology.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Daphnia Daphnia pulex Scientific classification Kingdom: Daphnia are typically filter feedersingesting mainly unicellular algae and various sorts of organic detritus including protists and bacteria [3] [10] Beating of the legs produces a constant current through the carapace which brings such material into the digestive tract.

The Next Great Lakes Exotic?

Several Daphnia species are considered threatened. Daphnia nivalisDaphnia coronataDaphnia occidentalisand Daphnia jollyi. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. They are often associated with a related genus in the order Cladocera: This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat World checklist of freshwater Cladocera species.

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