View the profiles of people named Enzo Rullani. Join Facebook to connect with Enzo Rullani and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to. In postfordism, knowledge appears as disembodied both from capital and labour, and is simultaneously presented as a fundamental resource and a product. Persistent link: :fan:eseses:v:html/ es Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from.

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Globality has enso dimensions: Candidacies will be evaluated and approved by the AC – Professors from non-member Universities must be nominated by two existing fellows or members of the AC who know the applicant professionally. Both the situations described above are therefore inadequate to the task of transferring knowledge when it is sufficiently complex and costly to require a wide field of use. In this third case, that has become more and more common in recent years, small firms are part of a larger system of production, exchange and utilisation of the relevant knowledge, on which enzl individual competitive advantage mostly depends.

The cognitive capitalism: a feeling of déjà vu?

What happens when I have an item in my cart but it is less than the eligibility threshold? Internationalisation theory should primarily observe the creation and development of international value chains linking specialised skills and capabilities located in different countries and rullnai large firms as well as small.

By this means, know-how incorporated in machine tools, materials and components was transferred from producer countries to user countries.

As a matter of fact, since the s several studies have shown that many small- sized firms are able to survive and prosper in industries and countries that are highly developed and open to international competition.

Our argument is more indirect, but also more general: On the contrary, it greatly depends on the degree of access to the variety of competences, resources, and capabilities that are distributed throughout the world economy. The picture that emerges is based on three points: So far, the principal theories rullami associated internationalisation with large firms thus confining the role of small-scale manufacturers within regional, or at most, national markets with only occasional but modest foreign involvement.


In fact, small firms must join the international economy but they cannot do so by adopting the paths of evolution and the forms of organisation used by larger and richer enterprises, which are carefully observed and measured by the standard theories of internationalisation.

Ru,lani s brought about the discovery of a rather significant level of internationalisation among small firms.

A market that would, per se, be unable to sustain any system of mutual specialisation between firms as regards learning, designing, manufacturing or selling as parts of a connected process. Please fill in ryllani complete birthday Enter a valid birthday. In other words, exports are neither merely the result of a pure market as in the case of spot salesnor of a hierarchy as is the case for multinationals.

Pillole dei Saggi – Enzo Rullani, Venice International University – video dailymotion

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In consequence, a greater value has been placed on a number of organisational forms that allow a more or less extensive knowledge-sharing. David Harvey – – Oxford University Press.

It is clear, however, that small firms who use this particular method to internationalise will probably have to face serious drawbacks. Since both large and small firms can participate in these networks we can say that tendencies towards globality determine a unique convergence between firms who, for other aspects, possess very different characteristics.

The internationalisation process “that counts” in present-day competition among firms and among countries, depends on the inter-country circuits of production and utilisation of knowledge.


After all, at present internationalisation is too important a competitive phenomenon for it to remain limited to the sphere of large firms. This shy reveals the crisis in the theory of value, both the utility value theory of standard political economics, and the Marxian labour-value theory. In fact, in order to link the world pool of skills with the potential world demand for applications, an effective channel for the transfer of knowledge must be evaluated according to two characteristics: Today, increasing reference is made to the concept of globality, whereas not sufficient attention is paid to the fact that this phenomenon gains its force from the decisive role that the world-wide circulation of knowledge plays in the competitive strategies of firms.

A more correct interpretation of the relation between small scale production and internationalisation can offer a good opportunity to reconsider both the concepts of the small firm and internationalisation. A further crucial aspect of the process is the linking up of local resources to the supply and uses that, within an international environment, are accessible to the chain in which the small firms participate.

As a matter of fact, after decades of failed attempts, it proved impossible to reduce the following situations to the same theoretical model of the small firm: In this way the business idea is freed from too deep a local involvement. Critical Practice Studies 11 1: However, it also appears in most industrialised countries in forms that enso similar to Italy’s Ford, Rosson, ; Rothwell, Beesley, ; Forrest, By using our website, you agree to our use of cookies.