modern art, “Towards a Newer Laocoon.”1 These two articles, I believe, stake out the ground for Greenberg’s later practice as a critic and set down the main. Upon finishing my reading of Clement Greenberg’s famous essay Towards a New Laocoön, my initial reaction was to say to myself, “Ah that. Greenberg, Clement, () “Towards a Newer Laocoon” from Harrison, The title refers both to Gotthold Lessing’s Laocoon: An Essay upon the Limits of Poe.

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Fox and Sharp Video View my video work here. Kitsch, on the other hand, was the product of industrialization and the urbanization of the working class, a filler made for the consumption of the working class: Mimicry across forms was a limitation, he argued, and each medium should only pursue its particular strength. It is true that Greenberg championed a particular style of painting, but careful reading of his essays reveals his understanding of the social contexts within which the arts operate.

Likewise, very few videogames make good board games.

The children that grew up with videogames are now populating greeenberg posts, making art, and designing their own games. Does this highlight the need for a further distinction between forms, or is it simply a function of raw computational power?

Instead, prevailing cultural attitudes toward stylistic choices will dictate these terms. This structure of production is really a shared characteristic with videogames, since most contemporary examples rely on large collaborative teams. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Economically, videogames can no longer be ignored and greenbefg want to tap into its ever-expanding market share. As Carroll would expect, the medium specificity arguments for hreenberg are often couched as claims for artistic legitimacy.

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Greeenberg recipe for chocolate cake is never an actual cake, no matter how elegant its description. Greenberg championed this group of painters for their dedication to working through the medium-specific problems of painting, apart from the concerns of representation, Romantic lyricism, or illusionary space.


It was constantly changing to adapt to kitsch pseudo-culture, which was itself always developing.

This was the real and unique concern of painting, apart from all other media, the new Laocoon for a modern generation. They tried to find themselves outside of themselves, and only when they had completely exhausted those options were they able to turn greenber themselves; they had nowhere else to go.

Poetry also attempted to make itself fractured, as with T.

Clement Greenberg

Clearly, Fox and Sharp want to find a unique expression for their medium, but their distinctions between process and form are internally inconsistent. Big business means mainstream recognition. Wolfe argued that these three critics were dominating the world of art with their theories and that, unlike the world of literature in which anyone can buy a book, the art world was controlled by an insular gresnberg of rich collectors, museums and critics with out-sized influence. Retrieved 8 April By using a single shared subject matter as a kind of scientific control case, he proposed the strengths and weaknesses of each medium.

The grefnberg examples of videogames appeared in the s, but their commercial adoption and mainstream recognition did not occur until the mids to early s.

Halo fits Type 2a, since the player is only required to hold a limited rule set in their mind; the simulation is too complex to do otherwise, so a computer is necessary. And subject matter, in turn, is geared toward the imitation of literary effect.

Nascent Confessions: A Brief Interpretation of Clement Greenberg’s “Towards a New Laocoön”

This wave culminated in the abstract expressionist movement, borrowing the introspective angst of German expressionism and the modern abstract tendencies of French art and coupling it with a distinctly American sense of scale and bravado. The rise of the Romantic era ultimately worsens the confusion of the arts. One must always allow for history continuing, that there will likely be another step.


An Essay on the Limits of Painting and Poetrytrans. Though his first published essays dealt mainly with literature and theatre, art still held a powerful attraction for Greenberg, so inhe made a sudden name as a visual art writer with possibly his most well-known and oft-quoted essay, ” Avant-Garde and Kitsch “, first published in the journal Partisan Review.

As Carroll has shown, medium specificity is not the only way to think through the legitimacy of various media. More sophisticated games introduce narrative, text, video, graphic design, and so on. Unlike many modern videogames, there are no tutorials or hints to reveal the rule system beneath the game. Eventually, Greenberg was concerned that some Abstract Expressionism had been “reduced to a set of mannerisms” and increasingly looked to a new set of artists who abandoned such elements as subject matter, connection with the artist, and definite brush strokes.

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AlticePortfolio #GreenbergsArcade

Ironically, in our current socio-cultural context, medium specificity is part of that process of artistic legitimacy, cultural currency, and academic status for videogames—in short, in its formation as a discipline. Retrieved from ” https: Most of these involve sound as well. Lapcoon a new medium can individuate itself, it shows its value versus the other arts, as it offers something new or different.

No other art form does this.