Much of the work performed today is immaterial labor and it involves new power relations in which NOTE: Lazzarato is not describing digital. the hypothesis that, whilst the concepts of immaterial and affective labour – as theorised primarily by Maurizio Lazzarato, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri. Maurizio Lazzarato: Immaterial Labour Immaterial Labour – Definition: “ immaterial labour () is () the labor that produces the informational and cultural.

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Immaterial labor

Immaterial labor is a MarxistAutonomist framework to immaterlal how value is produced from affective and cognitive activities, which, in various ways, are commodified in capitalist economies. The integration of scientific immateriao into industrial and tertiary labor has become one of the principal sources of productivity, and it is becoming a growing factor in the cycles of production that immaterjal it.

In the young worker, however, the “precarious” worker, and the unemployed youth, we are dealing with a pure virtuality, a capacity that is as yet undetermined but that already shares all the characteristics of postindustrial productive subjectivity. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Once the privileged domain of the bourgeoisie and its children, these activities have since the end of the s become the domain of what we have come to define as “mass intellectuality.

Mention about the immaterial woker could be enlightening. In the first place, as the addressee of the ideological product, the public is a constitutive element of the production process.

Twenty years of restructuring of the big factories has led to lazzarago curious paradox.

Immaterial Labor

The second consequence is that the forms of life in their collective and cooperative forms pabor now the source of innovation. In the Taylorist and Fordist systems of production, by introducing the mass consumption of standardized commodities, Ford could still say that the consumer has the choice between one black model T5 and another black model T5.

Lazzarato concludes by calling into question major theories of creativity, whether Simmel’s idea of fashion, or Bakhtin’s division betwen material and immaterial labour.

Audiovisual production, advertising, fashion, software, the management of territory, and so forth are all defined by means of the particular relationship between production and its market or consumers.

The second, Bakhtin’s, in refusing to accept the capitalist division of labor as a given, elaborate a theory of social creativity. The concept of “interface” used by communications sociologists provides a fair definition of the activities of this kind of worker – as an interface between different functions, between different work teams, between different levels of the hierarchy, and so forth.

As one Harvard man once said: This immaterial labor constitutes itself in forms immateiral are immediately collective, and we might say that it exists only in the form of networks and flows. The fact remains that Immaterial Labour focuses on the prodution of social relations more than the commodity.


Skip to main content. In service industries, the “back-office” tasks the classic work of services have diminished and the tasks of the “front office” the relationship with clients have grown.

The social-wage campaign, Wages for houseworkco-founded in in Italy, by Selma James called for a wage for domestic work amidst the uneven and gendered privatization of the labor of social production, where traditionally feminine roles like care work are undervalued. It becomes possible to look at things from the point of view lzzarato social synergies, and immaterial labor can be taken on board by virtue of its global efficacy.

The Restructured Worker Lazzarato starts with post-fordism, where workers have greater agency and responsibility, who is an “interface Consumption is no longer only the “realization” of immateial product, but a real and proper social process that for the moment is defined with the term communication. Large-Scale Industry lazsarato Services Lazzarato describes how older forms of labor are transformed in post-Fordism: The new phenomenologies of immatdrial, the new dimensions of organization, communication, the lxbor of spontaneous synergies, the autonomy of the subjects involved, and the independence of the networks were neither foreseen nor foreseeable by a general theory that believed that material labor lazzaarto an industrial economy were indispensable.

The Autonomy of the Productive Synergies of Immaterial Labor My working hypothesis, then, is that the cycle of immaterial labor takes as its starting point a social immateial power that is independent and able to organize both its own work and its relations with business entities.

Up to this point I have been analyzing and constructing the concept of immaterial labor from a point of view that could be defined, so to speak, as “microeconomic.

Immaterial Labour Overheads

These are the terms in which we have to understand the cycle of production and the organization of labor. There has been thus a shift of human resources toward the outer part of business.

The activities of this kind of immaterial labor force us to question the classic definitions of work and workforce, because they combine the results of various different types of work skill: The management mandate to “become subjects of communication” threatens to be even more totalitarian than the earlier rigid division between mental and manual labor ideas and executionbecause capitalism seeks to involve even the worker’s personality and subjectivity within the production of value.

The first, Simmel’s, remain completely invested in the division between manual labor and intellectual labor and give us a theory of the creativity of intellectual labor.

The “tone” is that of the people who were in executive command under Taylorization; all that has changed is the content. The concept of immaterial labor was coined by Italian sociologist and philosopher Maurizio Lazzarato in his essay “Immaterial Labor”, published as a contribution to Radical Thought in Italy and edited by Virno and Hardt. Secondly, companies find themselves under pressure to conform to public values as they creatively respond. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


It seems then that the postindustrial commodity is the result of a creative process that involves both the producer and the consumer. The change in this relationship between production and consumption has direct consequences for the organization of the Taylorist labor of production of services, because it draws into question both the contents of labor and the division of labor and thus the relationship between conception and execution loses its unilateral character.

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As far as immaterial labor being an “author” is concerned, it is necessary to emphasize the radical autonomy of its productive synergies. The term ideological does not characterize the product as a “reflection” of reality, lazzarafo false or true consciousness of reality. These ideological products are completely internal to the processes of the formation of social communication; that is, they are at once lazzzarato results and the prerequisites of these processes.

Bakhtin, on the contrary, defines immaterial labor as the superseding of the division between “material labor and intellectual labor” and demonstrates how creativity is a social process. It always leans more toward commercialization and financing than toward production.

I have defined working-class labor as an abstract activity that nowadays involves the application of subjectivity. The model of author, reproduction, and reception requires a double transformation: This immaterial labor appears as a real mutation of “living labor. In the second place, the public is productive by means of the reception that gives the product “a place in life” in other words, integrates it into social communication and allows it to live and evolve.

On the other hand, in the s a network of economists and sociologists and before them the Italian postworkerist tradition developed an extensive analysis of the “social form of production,” but that analysis does not integrate sufficiently the production of subjectivity as the content of valorization.

Content is available under Creative Commons Attribution 3. The postindustrial enterprise and economy are founded on the manipulation of information.

Much of the work performed today is immaterial labor and it involves new power relations in which workers, who are free, use their mental skills and personalities to produce information commodities. A good prediction and summarization made within the differend aspects and varios dimensions.

Furthermore, when cultural products are “consumed” they are not destroyed, but in fact “enlarges, transforms, and creates the ‘ideological’ and cultural environment of the consumer”, transforming the person who uses the products8. On the contrary, his or immagerial consumption should be productive in accordance to the necessary conditions and the new products.

In order to simplify the review some desciriptions and pre-examinations would be useful.

It refers to intengible artificial datas which are used in many diffrent areas on electronic media or in non-consumable shape.