It has sometimes been erroneously compared to the fief of medieval Europe. The iqṭāʿ system was established in the 9th century ad to relieve the state treasury. The iqtadari was a unique type of land distribution and administrative system evolved during the Sultanate per~od. Under the system, the whole. Meaning of the Iqta system: ‘Iqta’ is an Arabic word denoting a sort of administrative regional unit. It is usually considered equivalent to a province. Initially the.

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Moreland points that Alauddin had a general dislike of grants and assignments, perhaps because he was aware of the decentralizing potential.

By using this site, you agree to kqta Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. On the other hand, the holders of the small Iqtas were the small troops holders who had no administrative responsibilities. The iqtadari system witnessed numerous changes during the Sultanate period.

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets ita criteria, we’ll add it to the article. However, during Firuz Shah Tughlaq’s reign, it became hereditary. The Khuts and Muqaddams became fond of luxurious living over the period of time, later, Alauddin Khilji suddenly abolished the system of small Iqtas with a stroke of pen and brought them under the central Government thus called Khalsa land.

Help us improve this article! They united the Amirs of Persia and reorganized their land into Iqtas, whose borders remained largely similar to the predecessor states. Though not an investment in a particular holding of land, the iqta—as a fiscal device—gave soldiers a vested interest in the regime.


Contact our editors with your feedback. However, he made excellent use of the Iqta system as a tool of control and expanding revenue.

Administration of India under the Delhi Sultanate

The iqta was the territorial assignment and its holder was designated muqti 3, p. The grants later became nuclei out of which petty principalities grew with the decline of the central power. In return, when the central government called them for service or inspection, they had to be present with horses and arms.

It sustem that the grant of iqta did not sysetm a right to the land. Views Read Edit View history. The Buyids codified the already existent system of tax farming. The conquest of Mohammad Ghori and establishment of the Sultanate brought major changes in the land revenue system in India.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The Governments in those times made all attempts to increase the revenue by collecting taxes as per those in Islamic nations. A m1’shrif was in charge of accounts and revenue at the pargana level. In the 13th century, the Delhi Sultanate was divided into a number of military regions, called iqtas. The diwan-i-insha headed by dahir-i-mumalik managed the royal correspondence. A slave was considered by law as property,….


Explain with at least two examples. Explain with at least tw The muqti was thus a tax collector and army paymaster rolled into one.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Democracy, literally, rule by the people.

Iqta System

His rule was supported by the strengthened espionage and counter-espionage system and his personal secret police, called barids. The choice of the sultan depended largely on the decisions of nobles. The provinces were also called iqtas. It is used as a territorial assignment whose holder was designated as Mukti Muqti or Iqtadar. Suggest the ways to resolve these issues. His absolutist rule concentrated on limiting the power of the estates mainly the nobility and merchants and securing his supreme authority as the king.

It is thus clear that the muqtis only hold the land under the king, the land in truth belongs to the Sultan. The Iqta system was provided institutional status by Iltutmish and later this system became the mainstay of the sultanate administration under slave dynasty.

Iqta’ – Wikipedia

They had no administrative responsibilities. The three phases are. Contrary to most other forms of Iqta, it was hereditary, but the land was divided when there were more sons of age. Newer Post Older Post Home.

Further, the Sultan had complete control over the size and tenure with the right to revoke it at will.