This book describes how, having smashed one of the two main Catholic armies, he faced the other at Lützen near Leipzig in November Further archaeological research confirmed that the dead had been soldiers from the Battle of Lützen (). The mass grave was block-lifted. The Battle of Lutzen occurred on November 16, during the Thirty Years’ War and resulted in a Swedish victory though gifted leader King.

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After the death of Pappenheim, the fighting spirit of his soldiers waned, and the Swedes managed to seriously sway the imperial left flank.

An examination of 17th century military material culture Thesis. Gustav decided to inflict the main blow with the right wing of his army, which he commanded personally. Swedish Empire Protestant German States. In the east, Sweden managed to engineer a Russian invasion of Poland in the lutezn of that tied down the….

Holy Roman Empire Catholic League. This would lutezn serious consequences later. In the ensuing skirmish, Gustav Adolf was shot and killed.

As a result, the Catholic Habsburgs were able to restore their balance and subsequently regain some of the losses Gustavus Adolphus had inflicted on them. The Imperial field marshal Pappenheim was also fatally wounded.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Swedish army achieved the main goals of its campaign. Alcibiades, son of Cleinias, an Athenian, Spartan, Persian statesman, orator and general Although rumours were circulating much earlier, it was only the following day that Bernhard collected his surviving officers together and told them the truth. Protecting the King’s body was a buff coat made of moose hide – the old luzten wound on his shoulder blade making it impossible for him to wear the pistol-proof plate cuirass normally worn by important officers at that time.


This act had many of the soldiers halt in hundreds. Gustav Adolf was killed in battle.

Examination of the remains determined that more than half of the 163 had been hit by gunfire, an unusually high number for this time period. Two days before the battle, on 14 November in the Gregorian calendar, 4th in the Julian calendar the Roman Catholic general Albrecht von Wallenstein decided to split his men and withdraw his main headquarters back towards Leipzig. Army positions in a diagram top and in a engraving by Merian. The Thirty Years War.

Pappenheim himself went at the head of the cavalry, leaving the command of infantry and artillery to Count Rainah and ordering him to advance as quickly as possible. The city itself was set on fire by order of Wallenstein. The foresight of Swedish third-in-command ‘Generalmajor’ Dodo zu Innhausen und Knyphausen also helped stanch the rout: However, neither of them at first wanted a general battle, settling in field camps some distance from each other.

Wallenstein, however, believed the situation hopeless and instead ordered his army to withdraw to Leipzig under ltuzen of the fresh infantry. The defeat of two brigades, all veterans, was a painful blow to the Swedish army.


Views Read Edit View history. His partly stripped body [4] was found an hour or two later, and was secretly evacuated from the field in a Swedish artillery wagon.

Category:Battle of Lützen () – Wikimedia Commons

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Not until the summer it was time for the departure to Luzen. The king’s horse, Streiff, followed the procession with the king’s body through northern Germany. Seeing the danger, he dispatched a note to General Pappenheim ordering him to return as quickly as possible with his army corps.

Battle of Lützen (1632)

A Global Chronology of Conflict: The dead king was then brought in a procession down to the sea side. In addition, the Imperials had left the battlefield. In their attempt to achieve surprise the Swedes had abandoned the 3 pounder cannons that normally were attached to each of their infantry brigades, denying them the crucial firepower advantage that they had enjoyed in lutzej battles.